The Prince Islands (Adalar in Turkish) are an archipelago in the Sea of Marmara, they are a small haven of peace in Istanbul and a perfect place to relax and enjoy nature.
During summer we recommend you to get there on weekdays rather than weekends because they are invaded by the townspeople and the tourists.
They owe their name to the fact that during the Byzantine period the imperial family and disgraced aristocrats were exiled in the monasteries on the islands. They then became the favorite weekend destination of the Ottoman aristocracy, and even today you will find many Victorian style villas.
The four main islands of the archipelago (Büyükada, Heybeliada, Burgazada and Kinaliada) are accessible by ferry from Kabatas on the European coast, and Kadikoy and Bostanci from the Asian side. You can find on this link the ferry schedules:
One of the interesting aspects of the Prince islands is that the archipelago is a real ethnic and cultural mix, each island has a majority religious community. Kinaliada was the holiday resort of Armenian bishops and Armenian from Istanbul, Burgazada was a village of Greek fishermen, Heybeliada was the island of Turkish and Greek “bourgeoisie” of Constantinople, and finally the biggest island, Buyukada, was popular among Jews and European from Istanbul, although each community is present on the island. You can still find on all the islands many active synagogues, churches and mosques.
Getting around on islands
Motorized vehicles are forbidden on all the islands, in order to move you can use carriages (fayton), they are the taxis of the islands. There is a fixed price for each course, depending on where you want to go. (Written on the panel of the main carriage station of each island).
You can also rent a bike, the price is 5TL per hours , and 10TL for the day, you will need to leave an ID as a deposit. Bicycle rental companies usually distribute maps of the island for free, do not forget to ask one.
Getting around between the islands.
You can move around by boat (vapur) for free between the islands, the ferrys are stopping in each main island, so you just have to get on board.
Buyukada offers a wide range of activities for visitors. The famous Cankaya street is lined with wooden houses, and one of them was the residence of the famous Russian politician: Leon Trotsky.
Another monument not to be missed is the Greek Orthodox Monastery Aya Yorgi (Saint George). This is the main attraction of the island, it is located atop of the highest hill of Buyukada, and offers stunning views of the archipelago and Istanbul.
The island has two hills, the first one and nearest from the village is Hristo (Jesus in Greek), you will find at its top a massive wooden structure, believed to be the largest in Europe. This structure was originally designed to be a hotel/casino but the sultant refused it, and the building became a Greek orphanage. When the Greek population in Turkey declined in the 20th century, the orphanage closed its doors, and is currently abandoned.
Buyukada is full of little treasures, at only an hour by boat from the city, you will find yourself in a beautiful and natural environment completely different from the chaos the tentacular metropolis of Istanbul.
The other islands are also worth a look, especially if you travel to the archipelago on weekends, they are quieter and less touristic than Büyükada.
Heybeliada is the second largest island and probably the most natural, in addition to its lush vegetation you will find beautiful wooden houses, a Greek Orthodox monastery on top of the island and the Halki Institute of Orthodox theology, a high education institution for theological formation of the Orthodox clergy.
Burgaz is the third largest island of the archipelago, it is a quiet island that was populated by Greek citizens of the Ottoman Empire. The island is called in Turkish Burgaz and Antigoni in Greek, the name comes from Demetrius I, one of the successors of Alexander the Great who built a fortress named after his father Antigonus. Burgaz means ” fortress “in Turkish.
Kınalı is the smallest of the four main islands of the archipelago and the least forested. Kinaliada means the island (Ada) henna (Kina), in reference to the color of waters that bathes the island.